Hypertension ( blood pressure ) usually runs asymptomatic for a long time but develops at the transition to the second half of life. It is a time that almost always stands for the menopause of women.
Symptoms more visible in this phase of life, such as nervousness, sleep disturbances, mood swings, focus problems, headaches, dizziness, and the diminished result, are therefore more likely to be attributed to hormonal changes than to hypertension. But occasionally he can get the reason.
In Today’s Article, We Will Discuss “What Causes Of High Blood Pressure In Women”
The situation is similar with formerly unknown symptoms such as heart palpitations or heart stumbling, a particular, somehow “nervous breathlessness” or shortness of breath during exercise.
Whether it issues a male or a female: one should have such symptoms or a malaise for problems as described above by the doctor clarify.
Crisis increases in hypertension (blood pressure) often affect those affected, but not always. Possible symptoms include dizziness, restlessness, anxiety, shaking, panic, shortness of breath, chest tightness.
It is best to check the blood pressure immediately and to call the doctor if the demand is high or the symptoms persist (if the doctor is not available: Emergency 112).
What Causes High Blood Pressure In Women
1 How does the blood pressure come about? The heart cycle goes through two phases: the pumping phase (systole) and the filling phase (diastole). Correspondingly, systolic and diastolic pressures build up in the vessels.
2 The (higher) systolic pressure arises when the heart contracts and pumps the blood into the ship. The (lower) diastolic pressure results when the heart expands again to refill with blood.
3 In healthy people, the pressure reacts flexibly to the requirements of the body through increased cardiac output and narrow or wide positioning of the resistance vessels. Thus, sufficient circulation is always guaranteed, such as during physical activity. More on blood pressure regulation at the bottom.
4 The blood pressure is not a constant size, daily fluctuations are normal. During the night, the blood pressure drops. The differences between people with normal and increased stress, especially in the average values during the day and at night (see “hypertension: diagnosis).”
5 Especially with older people, but not only with them, with decreasing elasticity of the arteries or arteriosclerosis, but the systolic blood pressure can also increase more pronounced, while the diastolic slightly sink or remains low (isolated systolic hypertension).
However, typical hypertension, in which both systolic and diastolic pressure tends to increase, develops very frequently with increasing age.
Who Is Affected By Hypertension?
According to the Robert Koch Institute Berlin, one-third of adult Us (18 to 79 years) have hypertension, i.e., pressure values over 140/90 mmHg.
However, 60% of the “two-thirds blood pressure healthy” already have values that are not optimal or just below the currently set general limit of 140/90 mmHg (practice measurement).
Even if these, in particular, the latter only marginally, even as high normal values often do not apply as requiring treatment: completely irrelevant they are not. Therefore, they should get checked from time to time.
I already had high blood pressure. I have hypertension. And I think the chemo was just too much for my kidneys. And they went into failure. And that was October 19th of 2018. And the doctor rushed me right to the hospital
By now, high blood pressure has also reached young people. According to the pediatricians, 4-5% of children in Us have hypertension, And In the age group of 14 to 17 years, according to Dr 52.5% of the boys and 26.2% of the girls had values above the optimal range.
Risk Of High Blood Pressure In Women
1 The answer to the question of how high blood pressure (as primary hypertension) arises is difficult: risk factors such as heavyweight, lack of exercise and stress are well-known facts. But while one gets high blood pressure early on, the other does not have any problems at first. Why it can vary from person to person here is still unclear.
2 Partly it is probably due to the genes. High blood pressure and strokes with close relatives – siblings, parents, grandparents suggest a certain predisposition to hypertension. An exact picture of the hereditary factors does not yet have the research.
3 Also, interactions between genes, environment, and lifestyle can promote various diseases. It also seems to be the case with high blood pressure. In short: heredity, of course, age and gender – play a relevant role.
4 When predisposed to high blood pressure, certain lifestyle factors can more readily influence disease development. The more risks that come together, the higher the likelihood that hypertension will occur – and conversely, a healthy lifestyle can have a beneficial effect on the risk of disease.
5 Only about 10 to 15% of hypertensive patients have secondary hypertension. That is, another condition is responsible for hypertension, such as the kidneys, adrenals, or thyroid gland. Some aspects are below (“Vascular Calcification” and “Sleep Apnea” sections), read more in the Diagnostics chapter of this guide.
Causes Of High Blood Pressure In Women
We need to capture a much more complete consider the potential risks which are plainly described in the case of high blood pressure (primary hypertension) that you have in your own hands. It’s about the “usual suspects”.
- Overweight and belly fatness
- Lack of exercise
- Smoking, too much alcohol
1) Overweight And Belly Fatness
Not only on the fat pad as such but their distribution is essential when it comes to assessing possible circulatory risks. Especially the stomach and the waist is the focus today. Here it is straightforward to measure.
Measure at the thickest point just above the navel. When the waist circumference in men exceeds 102 centimeters, and in women 88 centimeters, this is a “fat” warning sign, regardless of body size: With the waist, the health risk increases.
Men should be careful already at waist circumferences from 98 centimeters, women from 80 centimeters. Since the stomach fat causes many adverse changes in your body. For example, liver, muscle, and adipose tissue cells respond worse to the sugar-lowering hormone insulin (insulin resistance).
Then the body needs more insulin. It increases the risk of sugar metabolism disorder such as type 2 diabetes. In the context of obesity, insulin resistance can also cause blood pressure to rise and remain too high.
The body mass index (BMI) is used to classify the weight. It is calculated by sharing the weight (in kilograms) by the square of the height (in meters). Obesity starts with a BMI of 25 (kg / m2), from 30 (kg / m2) there is obesity.
Since normal or underweight people can develop more belly fat, it always depends on the waist circumference.
2) Lack Of Exercise
Physical inactivity weakens the body down the line, as well as increasing fat gain. The heart, circulation, and lungs of physically inactive people work uneconomically.
Already with small efforts, the trained loose, the heart reacts high speed. Bones, muscles, and joints lose their substance; the metabolism is one-sidedly focused on cultivation instead of reducing fat deposits. Even the brain becomes sluggish and the psyche more susceptible.
Regular, moderate exercise increases well-being and can protect against many diseases, including high blood pressure. In hypertonic people, physical activity often helps to lower elevated pressure levels.
If it is not balanced or overcome for a long time (chronically), stress can push up the blood pressure via the lever of the autonomic nervous system. Especially the part called “sympathetic” (see section below) is directly involved in stress reactions.
Unresolved stress also often leads to sleep disorders. They, too, can adversely affect blood pressure.
Sodium chloride, commonly called table salt, may promote high blood pressure. The smaller arteries involved in the pressure control react more sensitively to circulation hormones. However, many, but not everyone, sees an adverse effect on blood pressure when consuming less table salt.
Note:- Blood pressure is a very sensitive matter so, can you reverse plaque buildup in your arteries? you may get the exact solution and causes in women below.
In other words, not everyone’s blood pressure is sensitive to salt. For salt-sensitive people, salt intake contributes to hypertension and consequential damage in the cardiovascular system. Saline restriction helps lower blood pressure here, even more so in people with high blood pressure than with normal blood pressure.
Since the individual salt sensitivity but can not measure directly, that means: try to get along with Weniger salt. Anyway, it is always recommended urgently, and all.
Because the average daily salt intake is too high in Us: women take on average 8.4 grams per day to be in men, the average salt intake 10 grams per day. Around the world, experts, including nutritionists from the American Society for Nutrition(ASN), recommend orienting themselves to a daily limit of five to six grams of table salt.
That’s about a teaspoon of salt. Possible sources of salt are bread, bread (sausages, ham, cheese) as well as industrially processed food. Too much table salt may make it difficult to lower your blood pressure, and less saline can make it easier.
5) Smoking And Alcohol
The blue haze attacks the vessels, especially the coronary arteries and leg arteries. The smokers (by the way also of hookahs), in particular, so-called free radicals, destroy the vasodilating potential of the delicate inner lining of the vessels, the endothelium. As a result, they promote arteriosclerosis.
The flow properties of the blood also deteriorate. Known is the smoker’s leg: Painful circulatory disorders with increasingly limited walking distance make life difficult for those affected. Threatened tissue damage with amputation risk. How to get rid of nicotine, you read, among other things,” hypertension (high blood pressure: Interesting facts for those affected”).
Acutely consumed in large quantities, the poison of pleasure increases the blood pressure temporarily, and with the continuous encouragement of chronic. Alcohol then harms not only blood pressure, heart, and circulation but also other sensitive organs such as the liver and brain.
Vascular Calcification In High Blood Pressure
Vascular calcification (arteriosclerosis) is to a certain extent a normal aging process of the vessels. Under the influence of smoking, fat, and sugar metabolism disorders. the typical risk factors also of (primary) high blood pressure. the vascular changes accelerate the pace. Over time, deposits, so-called plaques, and lime are frequently formed.
It comes to increased stiffness and constriction of the vessels (arteriosclerosis, see also above under “Smoking”). Then the bloodstream continually encounters more resistance, the blood pressure rises.
Now it gets even more complicated: as a result of the increased arteriosclerosis and the cause of a possibly difficult to control high blood pressure, for example, a narrowing of one or both of the renal (renal artery stenosis) may occur. It is secondary hypertension. Those affected are usually over 55 years old, often smokers.
Arteriosclerosis usually extends to other vessels, especially the heart, kidneys, brain, and eyes. Other related consequences: coronary heart disease (coronary heart disease), heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, stroke, retinal damage to the eyes (hypertensive retinopathy).
For most secondary high-pressure forms, no specific prevention is known unless they are ultimately related to disorders due to modifiable health risks as described above. “Man is as young as his vessels,” they say. Goodbye arteriosclerosis! Normalizing overweight, eating healthier and moving regularly is always worth a try.
It also applies to the sleep apnea syndrome described below, a particular risk factor for hypertension.
Risk Factor For Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, OSAS for short, is now considered to be a proven risk factor for high blood pressure or a possible cause of difficult to control or nocturnal hypertension, a type of secondary hypertension (see also chapter “Hypertension – Diagnosis”) Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a severe one sleep-disordered breathing, in which the airways narrow periodically.
It leads to repeated respiratory arrest – so-called apneas for at least ten seconds, or to significantly reduced breathing, often between full snore episodes. Patients with sleep apnea are often troubled with other health risks such as obesity and smoking. Alcohol and (soothing) sleep aids also play a role in OSAS.
They weaken the muscles that keep the throat open. Treatment of the condition and the accompanying problems can affect the unpleasant symptoms as well as serious sequelae – especially heart attack and stroke – favorably. And: If the doctor has not explicitly prescribed a sleep aid, it is taboo in a sleep apnea syndrome.
Symptoms And Causes Of Sleep Apnea
The interrupted breathing leads to lack of oxygen, which triggers a wake-up reaction – a lot of stress for the body. Repeated several times, sleep is no longer restful. Those affected – mostly men between the ages of 40 and 65 – are less efficient, often feel tired, chipped off and unfocused during the day. Some sufferers also complain of potency problems.
During the day and at night, there are persistently high blood pressure levels. Also, the tendency to become overweight increases.
Info: Snoring is not synonymous with sleep apnea. If in doubt, have your dr examine you. He can also rule out possible respiratory obstructions in the nasopharynx.
How Does The Body Regulate Blood Pressure?
The system is complicated, many components interlock. The most important are:
- Sympathetic nervous system (the sensitive nerve)
- The Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS)
- The kidneys and adrenal glands (the latter include the hypertensive hormone aldosterone)
- The salt and water balance
- The blood vessels, especially the large, elastic arteries
Central blood pressure regulators are the sympathetic nervous system (“sympathetic”) with the well-known stress hormone epinephrine and norepinephrine (also called neurohormones) and the generally less well-known renin-angiotensin (aldosterone) system (RAS).
If the sympathetic nervous system is overactive, for example during stress, the body is in attack or defense mode. The heart beats faster, the blood pressure rises.
The kidneys are also involved in this process. Among other things, they produce more of the enzyme renin, which is why angiotensin, or more precisely angiotensin II, also increases. It is a powerful hormone that promotes blood pressure. The adrenal glands, for example, cause it to release circulating hormones such as aldosterone increasingly.
Another blood pressure control variable is the elasticity, i.e., the adaptability of the arteries, to pressure changes. It mainly affects the large arteries. But even the small arteries can become tenser on certain circulatory stimuli.
Each element individually and collectively affects blood pressure. If the described temporary increases blood pressure was increasing and the body continues to grow the blood pressure level, the pressure remains set too high.
The renin-angiotensin (aldosterone) system is an essential starting point in the treatment of high blood pressure (see “High blood pressure (hypertension): Therapy”).
How To Check Blood Pressure
1 From the middle of the thirties, one should check the blood pressure from time to time, with familial stress with cardiovascular diseases also earlier. It would be even better to regularly take advantage of the cardiovascular check-ups offered free of charge.
2 The health insurance companies currently pay them every two years, starting at the age of 35; The blood pressure measurement is an integral part. Also, pharmacies also offer blood pressure measurements.
3 In many cases, the result will be healthy. However, if too high blood pressure is measured, the next question is: “Is there high blood pressure?” The diagnosis is usually fast. Further investigations follow suspicion of secondary hypertension or sequelae.
This post contains only general information and should not get used for self-diagnosis or treatment.