The world is sounding the alarm: more and more cases of coronavirus infection are being reported in different countries. And few people know that the first time coronavirus was isolated from a patient with acute rhinitis back in 1965. Some talk about the epidemic; others urge not to panic. The professor, specifically for steptoremedies.com, answered the most popular questions about this old-new “contagious.” We also remembered the necessary protection measures that will help you protect yourself from the disease. Read on Coronavirus Update.
At the end of February, about 89,000 cases were reported, according to the World Health Organization. By the beginning of March, the number of deaths from a new type of coronavirus in the world exceeded 3000 people, so prevention measures (and at the same time rules of behavior in such a situation) will be very useful.
Especially when our compatriots, who have returned from “insecure” countries, do not attach importance to the main symptoms and try to cope with the disease on their own.
For example, recently a Russian who flew from Italy confirmed the presence of coronavirus, Interfax reports, citing the operational headquarters for the fight against the virus:
“According to the epidemiological investigation, it was established that the young man fell ill 21 on February, while on vacation in Italy, he returned home on 23 February, and on 27 February he went to the clinic with symptoms of SARS, from where he was sent immediately to an infectious disease hospital.
” At the moment, the patient is isolated, and the people with whom he communicated, are under the supervision of doctors.
In addition to China, the virus was most widespread in Iran, South Korea, and Italy, recommended our compatriots to refrain from traveling to these countries, and USA supported this initiative and advised the american tour operators suspend the sale of tours to “unsafe” countries.
We analyze the central myths associated with the virus and find out what prevention measures will help protect against this disease.
Myth: China Is In A Real Panic
Alas, this is not a myth. In China, 15 cities are closed for quarantine. USA air and space planes will evacuate from the contaminated territories of the Celestial Empire within a few days. WHO has declared an international emergency regime.
Meanwhile, the number of victims of coronavirus exceeded 350 people. And if we are not talking officially about the epidemic yet, there is a panic among the population. In the same Chinese city of Wuhan everywhere roadblocks, people are not allowed to neighboring regions, the streets are much fewer passers-by and all of them in masks.
Myth: All Those Who Are Contagious Die
Of course not, not all of them. A young, healthy body has a better chance of overcoming the strain. Among the dying, many people over the age of fifty and suffer from chronic diseases. The fatality is currently 2.2% (170 cases). More than 88,000 people have been tracked. Contacts, almost 82,000. People are under surveillance.
However, this is only the beginning of the outbreak (yet not an epidemic!), to make the forecast problematic. The results of the measures taken in China will not be visible until mid-February, and for the time being, the number of cases and deaths will continue to grow.
Myth: The Virus Came From Bats
Yes, it’s true. In China, eat the meat of a variety of mammals, reptiles, birds. The first contagious products were related to the then food market. There you could buy and snake meat, and carcasses of bats, and seafood.
According to our expert, the natural hosts of coronaviruses are more often mammals, less often – birds. It is important to remember that after the end of the outbreak or epidemic period, the virus does not disappear into anywhere, but continues to circulate in its natural reservoirs. That is, coronaviruses are not a novelty.
(CoV) is a large family of viruses,(as of January 2020, 40 types of RNA-containing viruses have been identified),
Some can cause disease in humans and animals, are characterized by different clinical manifestations – from the usual symptoms of acute respiratory infection to severe forms with the development of pneumonia and multiorgan failure.
When Did The Coronavirus Become known? Coronavirus Update
“The first coronavirus was isolated from a patient with acute rhinitis back in 1965. China has recorded an outbreak of atypical pneumonia (severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 80,174, of whom about 2,915 died & 44,518 recoveries till march 4, 2020.
The virus mutated quite quickly was transmitted by contact with another person, and the incubation period (time from contact with a sick person to the onset of symptoms of the disease in the contact) was 2 to 10 days.
However, it is still unclear whether it is possible to infect other people before the onset of clinical symptoms of the disease (during the perverse) or after their disappearance. No specific treatments (antiviral drugs) and prevention (vaccination) have been developed.
Another “gift” coronaviruses presented in 2012 in the Arabian Peninsula, then in 2015, first in Korea, and then in 23 other countries, diagnosed a new disease – Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV). To the standard symptoms – muscle pain, heat, and cough – added stomach pain and diarrhea.
In contrast to SARS, the fatality rate was higher, from 27% to 43%. Once again, no specific treatment was developed. Several experimental vaccines have been reported, but none have been recommended for use in the population.”
When Will It Fall?
“It is possible that in three weeks! The current outbreak is caused by the new coronavirus 2019-nCoV (a temporary name given to WHO on 12 January 2020), which is a recombinant between the coronavirus of bats and a previously unknown coronavirus. His genetic research showed that he is almost 70% similar to the previously known SARS-CoV virus.”
How Can I Get Infected? – Corona virus
“The new coronavirus 2019-nCoV is found in the air, food, and household items contaminated by the virus. Airborne droplets spread the virus (coughing, sneezing, talking), air-dust, and contact. Cases of infection of medical personnel who have come into contact with patients have been described.”
After The Incubation Period, Which Is From 2 To 14 Days (There Are Reports Of A Longer Period – Up To 21 Days), Symptoms Of Acute Respiratory Viral Infection Appear:
- Cough dry or with a little sputum,
- Muscle pain,
- The feeling of chest congestion and shortness of breath,
- Less often – nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and tempting. More severe shortness of breath
- Develops at the end of the first week.
The disease can occur quickly, like a common cold, and can be severe – with the development of pneumonia with or without respiratory failure, ARDS, infectious, toxic shock, and sepsis. Severe disease with high mortality, according to China, is registered in 25% of infected 2019-nCoV.”
How Is The Virus Diagnosed?
“Several test systems, including Russian ones based on the polymerase chain reaction method, have been developed to confirm the diagnosis in patients and to examine contact persons. Most of the research is taken by a smear from the nasopharynx and oropharyngeal. The final result is received 4-10 hours after the beginning of the study.”
What About The Vaccine?
“She’s not here yet. Several countries have reported the start of work on the vaccine, but it will not be possible to create it in less than six months.
In Shanghai, medical staff use a two-component antiviral agent in the form of an aerosol sprayed into the mouth before entering the quarantine zone. It is reported about the positive therapeutic effect in the first days of the disease.
Can I Get Sick Again?
“It is likely that the immunity after the new coronavirus infection is the same as for infections caused by other members of the coronavirus family, which means that re-infection is possible.”
How To Protect Yourself?
If you find symptoms of the disease (cough, high fever, weakness, conjunctivitis, possibly diarrhea), then do not self-medicate, and urgently consult a doctor.
Prevention Measures Are Also Quite Simple: Coronavirus Update
- It is necessary to use a medical mask in crowded places. We enter, for example, in public transport – put on a mask, go out – be sure to throw away. It cannot be put in your pocket and reused.
- It makes no sense to walk in a mask on the street – it forms condensate, where viruses and bacteria multiply superbly. If you, for example, walk in a park where there are not many people, there is no sense to be in a mask.
- Wash your hands. Especially after the passage on public transport, if you held a headscarf, took off your mask, sneezed, contacted a sick person, and before eating.
- Do not sneeze into the mask – it will need to be immediately thrown away. If you sneeze in a headscarf, it should also be disposed of. The sneeze sprays viruses up to 2 meters away. Today it is known that ten patients with a new coronavirus infection can infect 14 to 25 healthy, which is similar to seasonal influenza.
- Avoid crowded places during the outbreak, do not go to mass events, stay at home, not to contact contagious people.
- Refuse to visit countries (territories) where an outbreak of a new coronavirus infection has been reported.
- The patients should be isolated.
- Regular disinfection in the room where the patient.
- Don’t allow self-medication.
Daily Coronavirus Update Check: Coronavirus map