Along with the heat, mosquitoes, midges, and horseflies appear on the street. Parents with young children need to be extremely careful when walking in nature. In children, insect bites can fester, because the child does not control himself, and can comb the wound with dirty fingers. Do not forget about allergies!
So, who can bite us: what are the security measures and what to do if you nevertheless bite. how to get rid of Insect bites?
How To Recognize Who Bit You?
Not all insects bite us – but many. Sometimes you don’t understand who exactly got it. And this can be important and fundamental! Let’s get it right.
Where and when. Favorite places are near fast rivers where their larvae develop. They bite, as a rule, on hot sunny days.
Bite. We often don’t feel the very moment of a bite – the midge simultaneously introduces saliva – ‘freezing.’
How is it, manifested? A few minutes later there is a burning sensation, severe itching and a large red swelling (sometimes the size of a palm).
What is dangerous? Midge saliva is poisonous. Swelling subsides after a few days, but an intolerable itching can bother for several weeks. Children usually comb the bite into the blood before ulcers appear.
Multiple bites sometimes lead to fever and signs of general poisoning. Particularly careful should be those who are allergic to insect bites.
What to do? Wipe the skin with ammonia and then apply ice. You can take an antihistamine.
- Protection against midge bite. Treat the skin with a repellent.
- Where and when? There are especially many mosquitoes near bodies of water with stagnant water. They commit atrocities around the clock from the end of May to September, especially in the dark and before the rain.
Bite. You may not feel it.
How is it, manifested? White itchy blister with redness around.
What is dangerous? In general, a mosquito is far from a harmless creature. There are mosquitoes, carriers of malaria, and some viral infections. Plus, there is an allergy to bites.
What to do? Itching removes lotion from a soda solution (see Help after an insect bite).
Protection against mosquito bite. Treat all open areas of the body with repellent, which is better to buy in a pharmacy. Special products are sold for children: be sure to look at the age restrictions!
Where and when. All summer during daylight hours in the meadows, in the garden.
Bite. Sharp pain and burning sensation; a sting (black) left in the wound is visible. Insect venom causes severe swelling in the bite area. The sore spot turns red and becomes hot.
What is dangerous? An allergic reaction, especially with a bite in the head, can be life-threatening! If a small child is bitten, in any case, it must be shown to the doctor, call an ambulance.
What to do? Remove the sting with tweezers, rinse the wound with alcohol and anoint with iodine. Take an antihistamine, attach ice to a bite in a towel. The pain will relieve cotton wool with novocaine solution.
What attracts them? Everything is sweet, bouquets, perfumes with a floral aroma, clothes of “neon” flowers.
Insect bite protection. Do not leave sweets, fruits on the table, wipe your mouth after eating with a damp cloth, and do not walk barefoot through clover glades.
Bite. Insensitive, the tick anesthetizes the wound with saliva and sticks to the skin.
How is it, manifested? Around the bite appears redness, the wound does not itch.
What is dangerous? Ticks carry deadly diseases – borreliosis or Lyme disease and encephalitis.
What to do? It is best to contact the nearest emergency room immediately – where they will remove the tick and tell you the procedure. If this is not possible, you can try to carefully remove the tick with tweezers (so that the head does not remain in the skin).
Treat the wound with alcohol. And – anyway, a run to the doctor! Together with a tick (in a jar), it will also need to be passed to doctors for analysis. If your area is endemic for encephalitis (that is, there have been cases of detection in ticks of this disease), then an immunoglobulin injection is necessary.
Prevention of infection with borreliosis – taking antibiotics, strictly prescribed by a doctor.
Security measures. Close the body tightly: a stand-up collar, cuffs on trousers and sleeves will protect the body, a cap or headscarf will protect the head. Inspect the skin after each outing into the forest. Treat clothes (not skin!) With special tick repellents – again, attention to age restrictions.
Where and when. From spring to autumn in forests and parks.
Bite. The ant does not bite but shoots with a stream of poisonous formic acid. The victim feels a burning pain. The affected area turns red. A tiny blister may appear – a burn mark. Dermatitis, allergic reactions are possible.
What is dangerous? Nothing – if you were “bitten” by an ant. If a lot – it is better to consult a doctor.
What to do? To neutralize the acid with a solution of soda, if it is not at hand – moisten with saliva. At home, you can make ice.
Insect bite protection. Stay away from anthills with children, repellents on ants do not work.
Help After An Insect Bite
- Ice can be applied to the bite site. It acts as a “local anesthetic,” relieves swelling.
- If there is no wound, grease the bite with iodine and brilliant green.
- You can attach a cotton pad moistened with tincture of calendula to the wound. Tincture acts as an antiseptic and can relieve inflammation.
- If a midge has bitten or the victim has a tendency to allergies, you can take an antihistamine inside: a pill, drops, syrup.
- Remedies for itching in the form of a cream or gel.
- An excellent remedy for mosquito and midge bites is tea tree oil. It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral properties, fights against swelling and itching.
When Should I See A Doctor?
- If a wasp, a bee or a bumblebee has bitten a small child, in any case, it must be shown to the doctor, call an ambulance.
- If a person has a critical reaction allergic to an insect bite.
- If there are more than ten bites on the body.
- If the lymph nodes swell after a bite.
- If bitten by a tick – apply, grabbing the click itself. It must be taken to the laboratory and checked for infections.
- If, after bites, an adult or a child has a sharp rise in temperature, marked poor health, nausea, and vomiting.
- If the bite swelling has occurred at the site of & does not subside.
- If pus appears at the site of the bite.
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