Today, cancer is becoming one of the most common diseases. Breast cancer is most often diagnosed in women, so breast cancer prevention is essential. According to statistics, patients who underwent regular preventive examinations, the death rate of the disease is 50% less standard than in those who did not.
The goal of breast cancer prevention is early detection of tumors, and, accordingly, timely treatment, leading to a reduction in mortality from the disease.
Breast Cancer Prevention Involves: (How To Prevent Breast Cancer Naturally)
- Diagnosis and treatment of pathologies related to precancerous (fibroadenomas, mastopathy).
- Visits to other specialists (endocrinologist, gynecologist).
- Ultrasound of the breasts and regional lymph nodes.
Clockwise fingers, starting with the upper-outer quadrant, explores breast tissue, compacted areas, and tumor-like formations should alert the woman, as well as the appearance of secretions from the nipples of the blood-stained character. This is a reason to go to the oncologist-mammologist.
In the conditions of the CLINIC OF THE KGBUS “GKB No.11, Barnaul,” each woman can visit an oncologist-mammologist, where she will receive the advice of a specialist, on the doctor’s appointment will undergo mammograms and ultrasound of the breasts.
5 Steps To A Healthy Heart
It is known that among the causes of premature death, cardiovascular diseases confidently take the first place. But are we doing everything to help the central organ of our body to work in an even and calm rhythm and avoid serious problems, often leading to death? Let’s take a few steps together to improve the heart.
Step One: Stop Smoking
It is known that smokers are twice as likely to have a heart attack, stroke, and other severe diseases as non-smokers, so smoking should be quit. But all smokers know how difficult it is to do it. Desire and willpower to get rid of nicotine addiction may not be enough, so today, some pharmacological drugs help to overcome this bad habit.
To find the most suitable remedy, you will help the doctor, but to finally quit smoking, you need to change your behavior in those situations in which you are used to smoking. Instead of lighting a cigarette, drink water, chew gum, eat an apple or carrot.
It will be useful to take something hands: in the U.S. and Canada, doctors who want to quit smoking recommend using the so-called “nerve rosary” – a short thread of beads that are sorted with their fingers to relieve tension. It will help to relax a little and distract from thoughts about cigarettes.
Step Two: Keep An Eye On Your Diet
Nutrition is one of the most important factors influencing the cardiovascular system. Stick to the following rules.
- Exclude the consumption of “harmful” (hydrogenized) fats, which are contained in margarine, fried dishes. These fats are poorly digested, raise cholesterol, contribute to the appearance of overweight and severely hamper the work of the heart.
- Limit or eliminate the consumption of refined sugar, including in confectionery.
- Regularly consume olive oil of the first cold press and garlic – these products contribute to lowering cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Be sure to instill in the diet foods containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. Their primary source is fish oil, which is especially much in sea fish – salmon, trout, mackerel, sardines.
- Try to reduce your intake of carbohydrates (pasta, potatoes, bread), but do not give them up completely. Eat whole-grain bread and pasta, incorporate bran into your daily diet.
- Vegetables and fruits are essential for the normal functioning of the heart. Cherries, cherries, cranberries, blueberries, dried apricots (dried apricots), and apples are the most healthy berries and fruits for the soul, so try to eat them as often as possible. Vegetables include spinach – it contains B vitamins, potassium, and lutein – substances essential for regular operation, in addition to fiber.
- Cardiovascular system.
- Limit salt intake – an adult only one teaspoon per day is enough, and diabetics and people over 50 should be halved. Excess salt in food leads to an increase in blood pressure and thus increases the risk of coronary heart disease.
- For good health, the heart needs B vitamins, antioxidants – vitamins C and E, trace elements of calcium, potassium, magnesium, selenium, as well as coenzyme 10. Eat foods rich in these substances, and if necessary, take additional vitamin and mineral complexes.
Step Three: Giving Up Alcohol
Alcohol has a devastating effect on the heart muscle, helps to increase blood pressure, and the appearance of excess weight, so to preserve the health of the heart, alcohol consumption should be minimized.
Step Four: Increase Physical Activity
The heart muscle, like other organs, requires regular training. Those who want to keep the heart healthy should remember that for normal heart function, it is necessary to exercise at least 3-4 times a week for 30 minutes.
Step Five: Stress Management
Stress and nervous overexertion are the worst enemies of our hearts. One of the most comfortable and most accessible, pleasant, and useful ways to relieve stress – walking in the woods or park, aromatherapy. Evening bath with the addition of aromatic essential oils – an excellent means to relax and relieve tension.
Let your heart be healthy!
Influenza And Sars Prevention
Acute respiratory infections (Cancrum oris – Noma) are diseases that are transmitted by airborne droplets and are caused by various pathogens: viruses (adenoviruses, influenza viruses, parainfluenza, respiratory and sentinel viruses, and others) & bacteria ( streptococcus, staphylococcus, pneumococci, and others).
The pathogens of acute respiratory infections are transmitted from person to person through coughing or sneezing of the patient. Anyone close (approximately 1 meter) in contact with another person with symptoms of ARI (high fever, sneezing, cough, runny nose, chills, muscle pain) is at risk of exposure to potentially infectious inhaled Drops.
Viruses can enter the body (in the eyes, nose, or mouth) through the hands when in contact with the infected surface. Personal hygiene can prevent the spread of respiratory infections.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth while coughing or sneezing. After use, throw the napkin in the trash.
- Often wash your hands with soap and water, especially after you have sneezed or coughed.
- The use of alcohol-containing hand-washing products will also be useful.
- Avoid close contact with sick people.
- Try not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid hugs, kisses, and handshakes.
- If you get sick, stay at home and limit contact with others so as not to infect them, keep at least 1 meter away from others.
- If you have flu symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
- Key recommendations for the public.
- Avoid close contact with people who seem unhealthy, detect the phenomena of heat (temperature), and cough.
- Avoid crowded places or shorten your time in crowded areas.
- Try not to touch your mouth and nose.
To observe the hie-hand – more often to wash hands with soap and water or to use a means to disinfect hands on an alcoholic basis, especially in case of touching the mouth, nose.
- Increase the flow of fresh air into residential areas, as often as possible, to open the windows.
- Use masks when in contact with a sick person.
- Stick to a healthy lifestyle, including full sleep, eating “healthy” food, physical activity.
Recommendations For Home Care
- Isolate the patient from others, at least at a distance of at least 1 meter.
- Cover your mouth and nose while caring for the patient using masks.
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after each contact with the patient — highlight individual towels to each family member.
- In addition to caregivers, the patient should not be visited by other visitors.
- If possible, only one adult in the house should care for the sick.
- Avoid being cared for by a pregnant woman.
- Always ventilate the room in which the patient is.
- Keep the room clean using detergents.
Recommendations For People With Symptoms Of Sars
- If you feel bad, stay at home and follow the doctor’s recommendations, if possible, to stay away from healthy people at a distance (1 meter).
- Rest and take large amounts of fluids.
- Close your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze with a handkerchief or other suitable materials. Recycle this material immediately after use or wash it. Wash your hands immediately after contact with discharge from the airways!
- You must wear a mask if you are in a common area of the house near other people.
- Tell your family and friends about the disease.
Recommendations for the use of masks
- Wearing masks is mandatory for those who have close contact with a sick patient.
- Gently put on the mask so that it covers the mouth and nose, and firmly anchor it so that the cracks between the face and mask were as little as possible.
- When using a mask, try not to touch it.
- When touching a used mask, such as when removing, wash your hands with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitization.
- Replace the used mask with a new clean, dry mask as soon as the mask used becomes raw (wet).
- You should not reuse masks for disposable use.
- Discard the disposable masks after each use and dispose of them as soon as they are removed.
Recommendations For Parents
- Teach children to wash their hands with soap for 20 seconds. Parents also have to perform this procedure, which will serve as an excellent example for children.
- Teach your children to cough and sneeze in a napkin or hand. Parents also have to perform this procedure, which will serve as an excellent example for children.
- Teach children not to approach the sick closer than one and a half to two meters.
- Sick children should stay at home (not attend pre-school and school) and keep their distance from others until their condition improves.
- Avoid frequent visits to crowded places.
If your child has had contact with the flu, ask your doctor for antiviral drugs to prevent the disease.
What To Do If The Child Is Ill?
- If your child becomes ill, seek medical attention from your doctor.
- Leave the sick child at home unless he needs medical attention.
- Give your child a lot of liquid (juice, water).
- Create a comfortable environment for your child. Peace is essential.
- If the child has a fever, sore throat and a lump in the body, you can give him antipyretic agents, which will be prescribed by the doctor, taking into account the age of the patient.
- Keep napkins and a basket for used towels within the patient’s reach.
Recommendations For Patients With Hypertension
Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in the world: in economically developed countries, one in five people suffers from hypertension. In Russia, hypertension makes up 30% of the total population.
In hypertension, many organs are involved in the pathological process: the heart, brain, blood vessels, kidneys, mesh membrane of the eyes. Among the most dangerous, deadly complications of the disease – myocardial infarction, nephrosclerosis (primary shriveled kidney), and stroke. Russia has one of the highest rates of death from stroke.
In hypertension, the rule of three halves works, i.e., only half of all hypertensive patients know about the presence of the disease, of those who know only every second is treated, and only half of the patients of this number are treated correctly.
Modern Classification Of Hypertension
Since 1999, doctors have been using the new classification of hypertension proposed by WHO and the International Society for Hypertension. By this classification, three degrees of increase in blood pressure (AD) are allocated.
First-Degree hypertension, also called “soft,” includes blood pressure levels of 140-159/90-99 mmHg. Art. Patients with second-degree hypertension have a blood pressure level of 160-179/100-109 mmHg. Severe hypertension is 180 mmHg. Art. And above/110 mm Hg. Art. And above.
Although the hypertension of the first degree is called “mild,” about 60% of patients in this group have a cerebral circulatory disorder.
Control And re-control
Hypertension is a chronic disease, it is impossible to cure it entirely, but the right approach to treatment helps to prevent the development of complications and improves the quality of life of hypertension. Every patient should know the specifics of his illness, what risk factors he has, how to be treated, how to behave in a given situation.
A prerequisite is daily control of the level of blood pressure; for this, every patient must learn to measure the stress at home. To get a complete picture of the disease, the patient should measure the level of blood pressure in the morning, being in bed, several times during the day and in the evening before going to bed.
If, on the first visit, the doctor has determined that the difference between the pressure level on both hands is more than ten mmHg, it is necessary to focus on the indicators of blood pressure on the hook on which they are initially higher. Excellent results for identifying the specifics of the disease
periodic monitoring of the level of Blood pressure at home. To do this, you should measure the level of blood pressure shortly after waking (without getting out of bed), then two minutes after the patient got out of bed, then – every 2-3 hours during the day, and last time – just before bed.
Identify Your Risk Factors
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to determine the risk factors of hypertension in each particular patient, to attribute it to a specific group of risk. Fundamentally highlight risk factors that can be influenced by the efforts of the attending physician and the patient, as well as such factors, which can not be affected.
Changing risk factors are bad habits (drinking alcoholic beverages, smoking), hyperdynamic, stress. The second group of factors includes the patient’s age, hereditary predisposition to lipid metabolism, cardiovascular disease, or diabetes.
Changes in risk factors such as the patient’s lifestyle and habits and nutritional characteristics are significant for the prevention of complications and pressure control. Patients with hypertension of any severity are recommended to limit the consumption of table salt, exclude foods rich in cholesterol and animal fats.
Patients need to eat often (4-5 times a day), small portions, preferring products rich in trace elements and vitamins. Lifestyle recovery gives a tangible therapeutic and preventive effect.
According to the results of a study conducted in the United States, the restriction of table salt in the diet and the normalization of body weight of patients with hypertension leads to a decrease (twice!) of the level of Blood pressure in the control group to below 140/90 mmHg. Art.
Significantly reduces the need for patients in hypotensive drugs minimizes the frequency of complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure.
On Trust Between Doctor And Patient
Effective treatment and prevention of complications of hypertension are impossible without frank dialogue and trust between the patient and the attending physician. The patient is fully responsible for maintaining a healthy lifestyle, following a diet, timely treatment.
He is obliged to inform the attending physician in case of changes in well-being, in case of conflicts at work or in the family, as any stressful situations may require a difference in the treatment regimen, prescribing of new drugs, etc.
studies in various countries show that about one in three hypertension patients stops taking medication prescribed by their doctor as soon as they notice an improvement in their condition.
For his part, the doctor is responsible for informing the patient promptly about the specifics of the disease and its possible complications, about the treatment of hypertension, as well as the importance of following the recommendations on the Diet and Lifestyle.
The task of the attending physician is to choose a treatment regimen, select the most effective drugs, and replace the medicine in a timely way in case of side effects.
Recommendations For Hypertension Patients
As mentioned earlier, lifestyle and nutrition changes are one of the main conditions for effective treatment and prevention of complications in patients with hypertension. Another significant factor is the normalization of weight.
You can calculate the Kettle index to determine how far from ideal your weight is. If the resulting figure is more than 25, it indicates an overweight, an index above 30 indicates obesity.
To calculate the Kettle index, the body weight (kg) must be divided into a square of growth (meters). Remember: every extra kilogram of body weight is an increase in blood pressure by 1-2 mmHg.
Do not forget about the harm to health caused by alcohol.
Alcoholic beverages should ideally be excluded if this condition seems difficult to do, limit the intake of alcohol to 30 ml of pure alcohol per day in men (or 15 ml of ethanol in women). This amount of alcohol is contained in 60 grams of cognac or vodka, 300 ml of table wine, or 720 ml of beer.
Maintain train to heart muscle well-being. It is necessary to increase motor activity. Patients with hypertension are recommended daily walking, preferably a visit to the pool, slow jogging. But more serious physical activity, including exercises to increase muscle mass (heavy athletics, fitness, bodybuilding) patients-hypertensives, are not contraindicated.
Compliance with these recommendations gives tangible results in patients with hypertension of any severity. Patients with first-degree hypertension, in most cases, are sufficient to comply with the above suggestions.
Patients with more severe forms of the disease, in addition to normalizing lifestyles, will also need drug therapy. As for the use of certain drugs, to choose the optimal treatment regimen will help an experienced specialist with the assistance of the patient.
Cardiovascular disease can be prevented without surgery and medication with five simple steps, says Stephen Masley, MD.
Dr. Masli, of the American Heart Association, says his research and experience show that traditional notions of heart health – that cholesterol is a significant contributor to heart disease are completely wrong. He says more than 100 of his patients have been successfully “rejuvenated” with his plan, which is based on proper nutrition and lifestyle changes.
You want to get rid of heart disease, increase your fiber intake. Dr. Masli advises putting on beans, nuts, oats, vegetables, and fruits. He plans to eat five servings of fruit and vegetables daily, along with half a cup of beans and a handful of nuts.
The Most Heart-healthy Fruits And Vegetables
“The brightest are green, bright red or yellow because they are particularly rich in anti-aging antioxidants, he says. Tomatoes, oranges, red grapes, broccoli, peppers, cabbage, spinach are excellent examples of this.
Eat More Fish
Eating fish is important because it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. “Fish can help reduce irregular heartbeat, rapid blood clotting (which can lead to a heart attack, forming blood clots) and the number of triglycerides,” he says.
Dr. Masli recommends eating cold water-in-cold fish – such as salmon, halibut, and trout – at least three times a week because they are rich in “useful facts” and less likely to contain mercury. The high-quality fish oil in capsules daily is also fine, he says.
Eat More Nutrients
A healthy diet will provide you with vitamins and nutrients, but not necessarily all your heart needs,” says Dr. Masli. “Supplements will be of great benefit to your heart, even if you eat well, exercise regularly, and can cope with stress,” he says. He recommends taking daily multivitamins, magnesium (400 mg), vitamin D (2000 mg), vitamin K (250 micrograms).
Reduce The Percentage Of Body Fat
Obesity is an obvious risk factor for heart disease. Excess body fat not only increases cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, fat cells form inflammatory compounds, and they, in turn, accelerate plaque formation in the coronary arteries. “Inflammation leads to blood clots, which can cause a heart attack or stroke,” he says.
Increase your physical activity. “People who exercise regularly are 40 percent less likely to have heart attacks, strokes, and sudden death,” Masli said. “Serious physical activity is critical in preventing heart disease.”
Some doctors, when it comes to exercise, tell patients what they want to hear, recommending daily walks for a few minutes. However, physical activity should be intense, only then will the heart be healthy, Says Masli. It recommends aerobics, strength training, and stretching for flexibility, intensity, and duration of which should depend on the level of fitness of the person.