If someone in the circle of friends is infected with flu, you get infected quickly. But there are ways in which you can protect yourself effectively. We clarify
In Today’s Article, We Will Discuss How To Prevent The Flu Naturally
Why the flu breaks out every year in the winter, experts can not quite explain. “Several studies have so far shown that influenza viruses feel and thrive particularly well at low temperatures and in dry air,” says Dr. Thomas-Michael grasser, a specialist in general medicine from Munich.
In turn, it is believed that our immune system is less potent under these conditions and the upper respiratory tract becomes more susceptible to infection.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 5 to 20 percent of US suffer from influenza every year – across all age groups. In an average of 200,000 cases, disease even causes death. The flu season 2010 To 2018 was particularly hard with an estimated 36,000 deaths.
Especially at risk are children, the chronically ill, pregnant women and older people (over 60 years).
The World Health Organization has determined the flu kills between 250,000 to 500,000 people every year (by- Discovery Health )
Why Is Flu So Contagious?
Influenza viruses spread from one body to another through droplet infection, such as sneezing, talking, coughing or kissing. However, the pathogens can also be held for some time on contact surfaces such as door handles and then pass over the hand on the mucus today, for example, the handle to the mouth or nose.
“If you get infected, the flu usually breaks out after one to two days and lasts for up to a week,” explains grasser. “The typical symptoms are high fever, head and body aches, irritating cough and chills.”
How Long Is A Flu Contagious?
Already the day before the first symptoms, the flu can be contagious. The rule of thumb also applies the more severe the symptoms, the more infectious you are to other people.
These Eight Daily Tips Offer The Best Protection Against Influenza Infection:
- Do not just wash your hands regularly, but also thoroughly with warm water and soap – especially before cooking, eating or after going to the bathroom.
- Keep your hands apart from your face and never touch your mouth, eyes or nose with unwashed fingers.
- Avoid close contact with sufferers and keep at least 2 meters distance. If someone is ill with flu at home, you should pay attention to spatial separation and keep common areas such as kitchens or bathrooms tidy.
- Keep the mucous membranes as moist as possible. Avoid dry, overheated rooms, ventilate regularly and drink a lot.
- Protect wounds with a patch or bandage to prevent viruses from getting to the site.
- Try to avoid handshaking during the flu months. Tip: tap on the shoulder is also included as a friendly greeting.
- Make sure you have a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Vitamin a, c, and b6 protect you exceptionally well in the fight against influenza viruses.
- If you catch the flu, stay at home until it is healthy again. Your ailing colleague does not want to see that part out? He is a danger to everyone else in the office. If necessary, make it clear to your boss. If he does not send him home, more people may be out next week.
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Does The Flu Vaccine Reduce The Risk Of Infection?
“Timely and annual vaccination is considered to be the best precautionary measure against influenza viruses,” says grasser. However, no vaccine protects 100 percent, because every year you can never predict with certainty which virus strains will prevail in the next flu wave.
With a good agreement, however, a protective effect of up to 80 percent can be achieved. Also, scientists have observed in various studies that influenza in vaccinated people is usually milder and with fewer complications than in the unvaccinated.
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When Does A Flu Vaccine Make Sense – And For Whom?
In most cases vaccination is advisable. However, you should make sure that this happens in consultation with a doctor. Only he can clarify in advance if you may be allergic to individual components of the vaccine.
It is best to vaccinate in October or November because it takes up to two weeks for the vaccine protection to be fully established. However, it also makes sense to get treated during a flu wave. Finally, she spills around for up to 5 months.
Conclusion: in everyday life, our eight behavioral tips help you to avoid the nasty flu viruses safely. Those who want to minimize the risk of infection even further, take care of a timely vaccination, which should be refreshed annually.