Teeth hypersensitivity is a sharp reaction of the tooth surface to stimuli of different nature. These include too cold or hot water or food, as well as spicy, sweet, sour foods, or even ordinary cold air. It is believed that every fifth patient makes a similar complaint to the dentist. In medical terminology, this problem is known as “hyperesthesia.” How to reduce tooth sensitivity?(Increased Tooth Sensitivity) What are the full symptoms and causes of such a reaction of the teeth?
Symptoms And Causes Of Tooth Sensitivity
How is it, and how dangerous? As soon as the irritant is on the surface of the tooth, a person with increased sensitivity of the teeth or gums feels pain. However, the discomfort passes in a few seconds or minutes.
The rapid disappearance of pain, by the way, is the main difference from another disease – pulp (nerve inflammation). Hyperesthesia can act as a separate problem, as well as be a symptom of a disease (for example, infection, periodontal disease, etc.).
Why increased tooth sensitivity? First of all, it is necessary to understand the structure and structure of the tooth clearly. So, enamel and dentin are the primary dental tissues. Dentin is located close to the pulp (nerve). The dentin contains tubules with fluid, which start from the nerve cells themselves in the flesh and end directly at the tooth enamel.
In the tubules, there are processes of nerve cells. If the paint is thinned, and certain stimuli fall on it, then these processes instantaneously transmit the impulse. As a result, the tooth hurts from cold and hot, sharply reacts to sour, sweet, and so on.
Conditionally provoking factors are divided into systemic and non-systemic. The latter one way or another associated with exposure from outside. Systemic factors that increase the sensitivity of teeth appear due to violations and failures in the human body.
The Occurrence And Development Of Infectious
- The presence of viral infections.
- Disruptions in the hormonal system.
- The insufficient amount of mineral trace elements in the body.
- Diseases of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, and so on.
- The effect of irritating acids (fructose).
- Using too stiff a toothbrush.
- Microtraumas or cracks.
- Too thin tooth tissue, subject to abrasion.
- Erosion of tooth enamel.
- Carrying out various dental procedures (turning under a crown, getting rid of tartar, chemical bleaching, etc.).
- Regular mechanical damage (for example, biting off a wire or the habit of nibbling seeds, etc.).
To accurately determine why the teeth have become sensitive, the dentist will have a personal examination during the consultation with the patient.
According To The Form:
- Limited hyperesthesia: one tooth or several teeth react.
- Systemic hyperesthesia: a whole tooth row reacts.
By Development Stage:
- At the initial phase of hypertension, painful sensations occur solely on contact only with cold or hot.
- The second degree includes the symptoms of the first stage, as well as discomfort when consumed sharp, sour, sweet, and so on. That is, the list of stimuli is no longer limited to temperature.
- At the final stage, the increased sensitivity of the teeth is observed upon their contact with an irritant.
Treatment Of Sensitive Teeth
Any treatment is prescribed only by a specialist – a dentist. The expert will be able to determine the causes and stage of development of sensitivity, write out effective means for external use and ingestion.
Usually, tooth sensitivity is eliminated due to passing a course of dental procedures, changing dietary habits and, of course, using special toothpaste, and so on. The most rapid result appears with an integrated approach to solving the problem.
How To Reduce Tooth Sensitivity: General Recommendations
Adjust Your Diet
What to refuse: it is worth excluding those products that can provoke a painful impulse. These are sweet and sour drinks and dishes (for example, soda). Effective will be the rejection of the food that can harm tooth enamel. For instance, crackers or seeds contribute to the formation of chips and microcracks.
What to include in the menu: suitable products with a high content of healthy minerals and vitamins. These include cheese, dairy products (primarily cheese and milk), as well as liver, fish, and seafood. Calcium and potassium should prevail in the food consumed, iron and phosphorus should be represented in large quantities, and so on.
Buy A Means Of The Sensitivity Of Teeth
The pharmacy presents a whole series of specialized tools. These are various varnishes, foams, pastes for external use and medicines for internal purpose.
If the sensitivity of the teeth has increased, then in some cases, the doctor advises undergoing electrophoresis. It is a procedure in which the surface of the teeth is subjected to current.
Sign Up For Teeth Remineralization
Dental procedure – remineralizing therapy – involves the professional processing of tooth enamel with a unique composition for its maximum saturation with calcium. For this, the dentist uses the appropriate means. After their use, the doctor can also apply fluoride material on the enamel to consolidate and improve the result.
How To Treat Tooth Sensitivity With Home Remedies
Traditional medicine offers a variety of recipes decoctions and tinctures for rinsing the mouth. It is difficult to speak about the effectiveness of such methods, but the clear advantage is the content of natural ingredients in such rinses. For example, you can brew one spoon of burdock and chamomile. You can also rinse your mouth with warm water and add a few drops of tea tree oil.