Dental plaque and tartar develop over time with each human. While you can still remove soft plaque yourself with a toothbrush and toothpaste, the hard calculus can only be removed by a dentist. Through careful oral and dental hygiene, you can effectively prevent plaque.
With the help of staining tablets, you can make the plaque visible and check how clean you are when brushing your teeth. Inform yourself here extensively about the topic plaque and tartar.
In Today’s Article, We Will Discuss “How To Get Rid Of Plaque And Tartar At Home”
How Does Plaque Develop?
Dental plaque forms if the teeth are not cleaned thoroughly on a regular basis. The formation of plaque takes place in several steps: After the last brushing of the teeth, a little biofilm (pellicle) first forms on the tooth surface. It consists of various proteins of the saliva and ensures that essential minerals can be stored in the enamel and that the teeth are protected against aggressive acids.
Over time, bacteria accumulate in the originally bacteria-free pellicle. Also, food residues (especially certain sugar building blocks), as well as tissue cells and salivary components, remain on the tooth surface. Especially on the sugar building blocks can easily attach more bacteria, so that the formation of plaque is accelerated.
Over time, more and more bacteria accumulate on the teeth, and a whitish-yellow coating develops. If you notice such discoloration on your teeth, it’s time to brush your teeth thoroughly. Because in the first hours and days, the plaque is still water-soluble and can easily be removed by yourself.
Plaque can form on the teeth, but also in the interdental spaces. Also on the tooth necks easily plaque arises. Also, the bacteria can nest in the periodontal pockets.
Because the bacteria in the dental plaque produce foul-smelling compounds, they are responsible for the often resulting from plaque halitosis. Also, they can convert sugar into acid, which in turn attacks the enamel. Over time, the coating becomes more porous, until it is so brittle that bacteria can penetrate the enamel and caries develops.
Rapid Tartar Buildup
If plaque is not removed, it hardens & becomes tartar within a few days. Calcium salts are salinated from the saliva, and the plaque is hardened. How fast tartar develops from plaque is different. In sensitive individuals, tartar can form after just two days.
Tartar itself is not dangerous to the teeth or gums. However, it is a problem that other bacteria can settle more easily due to its rough surface and can form plaque again. Also, due to various metabolic processes under the calculus, the pH value in this area may decrease. As a result, the acids and bacteria that are under the tartar can damage the tooth.
Caries And Periodontitis As Consequences
If regular basis the plaque is not removed, it can lead to tooth decay, periodontitis, and gingivitis. However, bad oral hygiene is not always the fault. Also, the following factors may favor the development of plaque:
1) A wrong diet
2) Close teeth
3) The germ composition in the mouth
4) Too little saliva in the mouth
5) Protruding edges of crowns or fillings
Even with very careful oral hygiene, it is not always possible to keep the teeth utterly free of plaque and tartar. For this reason, at least one visit should be mandatory for adults and at least two trips per year for children.
Get Rid Of Plaque At Home
Unlike hard tartar, you can easily remove the soft plaque yourself. Brush your teeth thoroughly and do not forget to use floss or an interdental brush to clean the interdental spaces. So you can get rid of plaque usually easily.
Ideally, brush your teeth for at least three minutes in the morning and the evening. Apply best the so-called sweeping technique: Put the toothbrush at the transition of the tooth to the gum. Then sweep the plaque away from red to white with small swipes. However, do not press too hard. Otherwise, tooth enamel and gums can be damaged.
To remove plaque and tartar, various home remedies – such as baking powder – are discussed again and again. Before you resort to such a home remedy, you should consult with your dentist.
Make Plaque Visible With Staining Tablets
To make the plate seen on the teeth, so-called staining tablets are used. These ensure that the plaque on the teeth and the oral mucosa colorfully discolored.
It makes it easy to see where the teeth have not yet been cleaned with sufficient care.
Some staining tablets can also differentiate between old and new dental plaque, so that particularly neglected areas are even more easily recognizable.
They are often used by the dentist to check the cleaning behavior of children. The tablets can also be used privately – but not more often than once every two weeks. For small children as well as for persons with an iodine allergy the tablets are not suitable.
Only Have Calculus Removed By The Dentist
You can remove the plaque yourself – but with stubborn tartar a visit to the dentist is necessary. Tartar can be removed either by the dentist himself or as part of a professional tooth cleaning.
In general, it is recommended that such a cleaning be carried out once or twice a year. If calculus is not removed on a regular basis, the risk for various dental diseases such as tooth decay increases.
Don’t try to remove tartar by yourself. Otherwise, you can cause severe damage to your enamel.
Prevent Dental Plaque And Tartar
Here are some tips and tricks you can use to help prevent plaque and tartar:
1) Wash your teeth regularly and use dental floss for the interdental spaces.
2) Use mouthwashes.
3) Clean your tongue regularly with a tongue scraper.
4) Eat healthily and avoid particularly sugary foods.
If you wear a brace or denture, be sure to clean it as carefully as your teeth. Dental prostheses can also form on dentures and braces and endanger adjacent teeth.